Drug information provided by: Merative, Micromedex®
Cefixime is used to treat bacterial
infections in many different parts of the body. It belongs to the class
of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing
bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not
work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
This product is available in the following dosage forms:
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must
be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your
doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic
reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health
care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to
foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products,
read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated
pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of cefixime
in children. However, safety and efficacy have not been established in
children younger than 6 months of age.
Although appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the
effects of cefixime have not been performed in the geriatric population,
no geriatric-specific problems have been documented to date.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk
when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential
benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in
other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an
interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change
the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking
this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare
professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below.
The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their
potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually
not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines
are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often
you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating
food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur.
Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause
interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the
use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this
medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical
Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more
of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time
than your doctor ordered.
Swallow the capsule whole. Do not cut, break, or chew it.
You may split or cut the tablet in half. The chewable tablet should be crushed or chewed before swallowing.
Shake the oral liquid well before each use. Measure the medicine with
a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average
household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid.
Keep using this medicine for the full treatment time, even if you
feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up
if you stop using the medicine too soon.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients.
Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The
following information includes only the average doses of this medicine.
If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you
to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the
medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed
between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on
the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible.
However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose
and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Store the oral liquid either at room temperature or in the
refrigerator. Throw away any unused medicine after 14 days. Keep it
If your or your child's symptoms do not improve within a few days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, including
anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate
medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you or your child has a
rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or
any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using this
Cefixime may cause diarrhea, and in some cases it can be severe. Do
not take any medicine or give medicine to your child to treat diarrhea
without first checking with your doctor. Diarrhea medicines may make the
diarrhea worse or make it last longer. If you have any questions about
this or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your
Before you or your child has any medical tests, tell the medical
doctor in charge that you are using this medicine. The results of some
tests may be affected by this medicine.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your
doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter
[OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted
effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do
occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical
attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body
adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able
to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side
effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you
notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Portions of this document last updated: Sept. 01, 2023
Original article: https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/cefixime-oral-route/side-effects/drg-20073374
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